A trip to the dentist can be a nerve-wracking experience when you speak the same language. Now imagine sitting in that chair when you don’t speak the same language as the dentist! (Been there, done that; not fun!) Not only do you have to worry about the potential pain or discomfort that may come with the appointment, but you also have to navigate the language barrier. This is where role-play can come in handy!
What are role plays, and what’s their purpose in the classroom?
Role play is a language learning technique in which students act out a scene or conversation in order to practice their language skills. Role play can be an especially effective tool when it comes to preparing adult ESL students for a trip to the dentist. It allows students to practice the language they’ll need to use at the appointment and helps them feel more confident and prepared for the real thing.
By the way, make sure your students also understand the purpose of role-play and how it can be used to prepare them for a trip to the dentist. Now, let’s take a look at some practical tips for making role-play a successful tool in the classroom.
4 Tips for Making Role Play a Successful Tool in Preparing Adult ESL Students for a Dental Visit
So, how can you use role play to prepare adult ESL students for a trip to the dentist? Here are a few ideas:
Write a script.
Writing a script is an important first step in using role play to prepare adult ESL students for a trip to the dentist. A script serves as a guide for the role play and helps students practice the language they’ll need to use during their appointment.
To write a script, start by listing the key phrases and questions that students will need to use during a trip to the dentist. This might include introductions, such as “Hello, my name is [name]” and “I’m here for a cleaning,” as well as questions they might have for the dentist, such as “Is this going to hurt?” and “How long will it take?” Here are some more questions students might need or want to ask at the dentist’s:
- How often should I come in for a cleaning?
- Is it normal to feel some pain after a cleaning?
- What should I do if I experience a toothache outside of office hours?
- Is it safe to whiten my teeth?
- Do you accept my insurance plan?
- Can you give me a detailed estimate of how much this will cost?
You can also include any specific instructions or information that the dentist might give, such as instructions for aftercare or recommendations for at-home oral hygiene. Here are some more sentences you might want to include in a role-play script:
- After your filling, avoid eating hard or crunchy foods for the next 24 hours.
- Use a soft-bristled toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste to brush your teeth twice daily.
- Floss between your teeth at least once daily to remove plaque and prevent gum disease.
- Avoid sugary drinks and snacks to reduce your risk of cavities.
- Use a mouthwash to help kill bacteria.
- If you experience any discomfort or sensitivity after your cleaning, take an over-the-counter pain reliever and contact us if the issue persists.
- Don’t forget to schedule your next cleaning in 6 months.
- If you experience a toothache, rinse your mouth with warm water and use a cold compress on your cheek to reduce swelling. Contact us as soon as possible to schedule an appointment.
- Make sure to follow any post-surgery instructions provided by our staff to ensure a successful recovery.
Keep in mind that a script doesn’t have to be overly long or complicated. The goal might be to provide students with a basic outline of the conversation and give them the opportunity to practice using the language necessary for a trip to the dentist. As they become more comfortable with the script, you can encourage them to add their own words and ideas to make the role-play feel more natural and spontaneous. Of course, for some students, scripts they can use as is are the better option. You know your students. Choose accordingly.
But what if you don’t have the time or the mental energy to create scripts? I know what that’s like! My students always LOVED it when I gave them scripts ready to use, but they had no idea how long it took me to craft those.
I’ve got a role-play resource perfect for practicing for a trip to the dentist! It has scripts, scenario cards, vocabulary, dialogue prompts, and more. This takes the guesswork out of what to create and returns some free time to your life.
Using props can be a simple but effective way to make role play feel more realistic and engaging for adult ESL students preparing for a trip to the dentist. Props can help students get a better sense of the environment they’ll be in and give them something tangible to interact with during the role play.
Some props that students might bring in for a role play about a trip to the dentist could include a toothbrush, toothpaste, floss, or mouthwash. You could also encourage them to bring in items like a dental mirror or a set of dental tools if they want to add a bit more realism to the role play.
Something else to consider is asking local dentists to donate oral care kits. These can be used as props for the role plays, and students could take home and use any unopened props.
In addition to helping students get a feel for the environment, using props can also be a fun and creative way to engage students in the role play.
Incorporate some humor:
While it’s important to cover the necessary language, it’s also okay to have some fun with a role-play about a trip to the dentist. For example, you could include a joke where the dentist tells the patient that she only has to floss the teeth that she wants to keep. Here are some more examples of how you can incorporate humor and have fun with a dental role-play:
- Use props to create comedic situations: For example, the “dentist” could accidentally knock over a jar of dental instruments, or the “patient” could accidentally spill a (plastic) jar of cotton balls all over the floor.
- Include funny dialogue: You can encourage students to come up with their own jokes or funny lines to use during the role play. For example, the “dentist” could say something like, “I see you’ve been eating a lot of candy lately. Looks like we’ll have to get the drills out!”
- Add some physical comedy: You can encourage students to use facial expressions, gestures, and body language to add some humor to the role play. For example, the “patient” could act scared or nervous, while the “dentist” could act overly confident or silly.
By incorporating humor and having fun with the role play, you can make the learning experience more enjoyable and engaging for your students. Just be sure to still cover the necessary language and don’t play on any common fears a dentophobe might have.
Prepare for negative situations:
While we hope our students’ dental appointments go smoothly, we should prepare them for any potential hiccups that may arise during a trip to the dentist. For example, you might role-play a scenario in which the student has a toothache or needs a filling. This will help them feel more prepared in case something unexpected comes up. Here are some more ways to prepare for negative situations in a dental role play:
Practice common phrases and vocabulary.
You can teach your students useful phrases and vocabulary they might need to communicate during a dental appointment, such as “I have a toothache,” “I need a filling,” or “I’m allergic to ___ medication.”
Role-play common negative scenarios.
Here are some potential negative scenarios that students could role-play to prepare for a trip to the dentist:
- A toothache: In this scenario, students can role-play experiencing a bad toothache and how to communicate their symptoms to the dentist. This might involve practicing language related to pain, swelling, and discomfort.
- A filling: students role-play needing to get a filling (or get one replaced) and asking questions about the process, such as the length of the procedure, how pain will be prevented, what the filling is made from, and how to care for the filling afterward.
- A tooth extraction: On a day when this specific one was in my lesson plan, I happened to have a student who had just had a tooth pulled the previous day. He was most convincing in portraying someone in pain and confused about the procedure. He came up with questions I hadn’t anticipated, and the result was that another student facing the same procedure at the end of the week felt more confident in making it out of there alive. (His words, not mine.)
- A crown that needs to be replaced: In addition to the usual questions as stated above, students can also practice asking about the cost of the replacement crown and any payment options.
- A dental emergency: In this scenario, students can role-play a situation in which they experience a dental emergency, such as a knocked-out tooth, and need to communicate the situation to the dentist and ask for immediate treatment. Tip: If you have particularly dramatic students, emphasize the gentleness needed if acting out how the emergency occurred. (Don’t ask.)
- A negative reaction to a numbing agent or pain medication: In this scenario, students can role-play a situation in which they have a negative reaction to a treatment, such as a severe allergic reaction to a medication, and need to communicate their symptoms to the dentist and ask for help. This is one I have personal experience with during a wisdom tooth extraction in Korea. I ended up in the ER next to what my co-worker kept saying was a dead body. Not fun. But it made a great story to engage students in creating their own!
Encourage students to ask questions and express their concerns.
Encouraging students to ask questions and express their concerns during the role play can be an effective way to help them feel more prepared for real-life situations. It can also help them practice using the language necessary to communicate their needs and concerns to the dentist.
Here are some specific ways you can encourage students to ask questions and express their concerns during the role play:
- Model it. Show students how to ask questions and express concerns by acting out a scenario in which you are the patient, and they are the dentist. This can help them see how to form questions and use appropriate language to communicate their needs.
- Give the exact language. Give students a list of common questions and concerns that they might have during a dental appointment, along with the vocabulary needed to ask those questions. This can help them feel more confident in their ability to communicate their needs.
- Limit yes/no. Encourage students to ask open-ended questions rather than yes/no questions. This will allow them to practice using more complex language and will also give them the opportunity to ask follow-up questions if needed.
- Encourage students to express their concerns. Your students might need to be told or reminded that it’s okay to express their concerns or ask for clarification if they don’t understand something. Encourage them to use phrases like “I’m sorry, could you repeat that?” or “I’m not sure I understand. Could you explain that in more detail?” to communicate their needs. This is especially crucial if they are from a culture that doesn’t question authority figures.
By preparing for negative situations in the role play, you can help your students feel more confident and better prepared for unexpected events that may arise during a real-life dental appointment.
Customizing Your Role Play: Tips for Tailoring to Various Language Proficiency Levels
There are several ways you can adapt a role-play activity to accommodate different levels of language proficiency in your class:
- Modify the length and complexity of the script: For lower-level learners, you may want to start with a shorter, simpler script that focuses on basic phrases and vocabulary. As students become more proficient, you can gradually increase the length and complexity of the script to challenge them.
- Use visual aids: Visual aids such as pictures or props can help support language learning and make the role play more accessible to learners at all levels. For example, you could use flashcards or a picture of a toothbrush to help students understand and practice new vocabulary.
- Encourage learners to use their own words: Rather than providing a script for learners to memorize, you can encourage them to use their own words to communicate in the role play. This can be especially helpful for more advanced learners ready to practice more spontaneous, authentic communication.
- Provide support and scaffolding: For lower-level learners, you may want to provide additional support and scaffolding to help them understand and participate in the role play. This could include providing a list of key vocabulary words, offering prompts or hints during the role play, or breaking the role play into smaller, more manageable chunks.
- Differentiate roles: You can assign different roles to learners based on their language proficiency level. For example, you could assign a more advanced learner to play the role of the dentist, while a lower-level learner could play the role of the patient. This can help ensure that learners are challenged at an appropriate level.
Overall, the key to adapting role-play activities for different levels of language proficiency is to be flexible and adjust the activity to meet the needs of your learners. By modifying the length and complexity of the script, using visual aids, encouraging learners to use their own words, providing support and scaffolding, and differentiating roles, you can help ensure that all learners are able to participate and benefit from the activity.
In conclusion, role play is an effective tool for helping adult ESL students feel more prepared and confident for a trip to the dentist. By using props, incorporating humor, and practicing for potential negative situations, you can create a dynamic and realistic role-play experience that helps students practice the language they’ll need and feel more comfortable during their actual appointment. By leveraging the benefits of role-play, you can help your students feel more confident and capable of handling the challenges that may arise during a real-life trip to the dentist.